Research and Reports

Shared Hope International

This report notes best practices, as well as, the gaps and challenges that are present while working with this difficult population of victims.

The goal of this assessment is to provide Arizona first responders and community members with information to advocate for improvements in the identification and proper response to DMST victims. This assessment will be provided to all stakeholders to inform the identification of victims and to help bring them services offered in accordance with the TVPA and its reauthorizations. This research offers qualitative data on the DMST issue in Arizona; additional research to quantify the scope of the problem would support upcoming action in Arizona.

Shared Hope International

This paper evaluates the fundamental importance of defining sex trafficking to include all instances of commercial sexual exploitation of minors.

Beyond the question of whether force, fraud or coercion was used by the offender, this discussion addresses the impact of requiring that a third party, in particular a trafficker, has caused a minor victim to engage in commercial sexual activity in order for a minor to be recognized as a sex trafficking victim.

Ian Urbina - The New York Times

While forced labor exists throughout the world, nowhere is the problem more pronounced than here in the South China Sea, especially in the Thai fishing fleet, which faces an annual shortage of about 50,000 mariners, based on United Nations estimates.

The shortfall is primarily filled by using migrants, mostly from Cambodia and Myanmar. Many of them are lured across the border by traffickers only to become so-called sea slaves in floating labor camps.

Shared Hope International

In 2014, Shared Hope International conducted a research project on the subject of demand for sex with minors.

The study consisted of a desk review followed by quantitative research in four geographic areas, including Maricopa County in Arizona, of instances where buyers were identified.

Andy Hall, Southern Arizona Against Slavery

Almost 15 years after Congress passed the first contemporary anti-slavery legislation, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, state anti-trafficking law and policy still lag far behind their federal counterparts in terms of prosecuting traffickers, protecting victims, and preventing trafficking. Regrettably, Arizona provides an ample case study in these inadequacies, from its prosecution of sex trafficking victims for prostitution to its inadequate victim assistance mechanisms.

This Note maintains that the war on human trafficking will be won or lost at the state level. After a detailed analysis of federal and state law and policy, this Note argues that the Uniform Law Commission’s new Uniform Act on Prevention of and Remedies for Human Trafficking provides states with a solid blueprint for comprehensive anti-trafficking reform.

States should adopt the Uniform Act in its entirety, without delay, because nobody should be enslaved in the Land of the Free.

Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, MSW, Ph.D., Kristen Bracy, MA, Commander James Gallager, MAdim, and Michael Cimino

With proper training, Probation Officers can begin to identify victims and help them receive the services needed to exit the life of prostitution.

James Queally, Los Angeles Times, February 3, 2015

Law enforcement agencies in 17 states arrested nearly 600 people and rescued 68 victims of human trafficking during a sting in the lead-up to Super Bowl XLIX.

As part of the "National Day of Johns" sex trafficking sting, spearheaded by the Cook County, Ill., Sheriff's Office, police said that they captured hundreds of men and women attempting to hire prostitutes through websites such as and Craigslist. Police also said they rescued dozens of women who said they had been forced into prostitution.

Shared Hope International

The Arizona's Not Buying It Campaign brings the state's most recognized voices to commit to fighting child sex trafficking. Initiated by the Arizona Office of the Attorney General, in partnership with Shared Hope International, the campaign aims to raise awareness of sex trafficking and support efforts to combat demand for victims by sponsoring Public Service Announcements in Phoenix theaters and television stations.

Megan Cassidy, The Republic, October 2, 2014

In the past several years, a growing number of Arizona police agencies have operated on an understanding that women and girls who are paid for sex are victims of sex trafficking rather than accomplices of the men who buy and sell them.

Marissa Roper, Downtown Devil, January 23, 2015

Phoenix City Council voted to change the booking procedures for human trafficking suspects and adjustments to the city’s Human Trafficking Task Force.

The changes amended Phoenix City Code to include an “educational component” for suspects sentenced for soliciting or hiring a prostitute. The changes also called for the city to develop a policy for mandatory booking for all individuals arrested under this ordinance.

Arizona State University, Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research
Tumbleweed Youth Services
Our Family, Tucson, Arizona
One•n•ten, Phoenix, Arizona

This study investigated the prevalence of sex trafficking experiences among homeless young adults ages 18-25 years old who received services from homeless programs in Arizona during July 2014.

Findings revealed 25.6% of the participants reported a history of sex trafficking, 21.8% of the male participants and 24.5% of the female participants. LGBTQ young adults were significantly more likely to report sex trafficking experiences (33, 38.4%) than heterosexual young adults (23, 19.7%)

Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council of the National Academies

The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council studied child sex trafficking as they affect U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents of the United States under age 18.

The IOM/NRC report offers recommendations concerning strategies for responding to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States, new legislative approaches, and a research agenda.

The report concludes that efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States require better collaborative approaches. These efforts need to confront demand and the individuals who commit and benefit from these crimes.

The recommendations in the report have the potential to advance and strengthen the nation’s emerging efforts to prevent, identify, and respond to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors.

For more information on this report visit The National Academies Press.

Ambassador Swanee Hunt, Demand Abolition Chair

This article explains how focusing on sex purchasers eradicates the problematic distinction between sex trafficking and prostitution.

Further, it lays out ethical, social, legal, medical, relational, and personal reasons that the illegal sex industry is incompatible with basic values of human dignity, gender equality, and fundamental care for others.

Laura Simich

This brief summarizes the research’s essential findings and policy implications and presents ideas for putting the screening tool into practice.

This tool will give legal, health care and social service providers, law enforcement, and other professionals the ability to bring trafficking victims out of the shadows and improve their legal and social outcomes.

American Bar Association, the McCain Institute for International Leadership at Arizona State University (ASU), and the ASU School of Politics and Global Studies

The report presents the first ever analysis of major companies’ publicly available policies on human trafficking, forced labor and the trade in conflict minerals.



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